Preventative dentistry refers to the procedures that reduce the incidence of dental decay and periodontal disease (bone loss and gum problems).
Preventative Dentistry examples: Exams, Cleanings, X-rays, oral hygienic instruction, fluoride treatments, sealants
Restorative dentistry refers to the procedures and materials to rebuild the tooth.
Restorative Dentistry examples: Amalgam (silver) fillings, composite (white) fillings, porcelain and gold fillings, porcelain and gold crowns
Cosmetic dentistry refers to the procedures and materials used to create an esthetically pleasant dental appearance and smile.
Cosmetic Dentistry examples: Porcelain crowns and bridges, porcelain veneers (artificial facing) and bonding
PROSTHODONTICS (Fixed and removable)
Prosthodontics refer to the appliances used to restore missing teeth in the mouth.
Prosthodontic examples: Removable partial dentures, fixed bridges and complete dentures
Oral surgery refers to the surgical procedures of the gingival tissue, supporting bone structures holding the teeth, or modification and removal of the teeth.
Oral Surgery examples: Extractions, orthognathic surgery (moving of the jaw)
Endodontics refer to the removal of the nerve (pulp) of a tooth and the gutta percha type filling of the nerve space.
Endodontic examples: Root canal therapy, apicoectomy
Periodontics refer to the specific treatment of the gingival tissue (gums) and the bone that supports the teeth.
Periodontic examples: Root Planning, sub gingival curettage and osseous recontouring
Pedodontics refer to the dental treatment of children.
Pedodontic examples: Stainless steel crowns, pulpotomy (baby tooth root canal), silver and white fillings, extractions and space maintainers for missing baby teeth
Implants refer to a surgical titanium cylinder that substitutes for the natural tooth root. It is surgically placed into the bone and provides a stable base which a crown or denture can be anchored. Unlike bridges or dentures, dental implants act more like your own natural teeth. Long term success is over 95%.